What is Express Entry:
Express Entry is an application intake management system which was implemented by Government of Canada in January 2015. Unlike the previous system of first come first serve, applications under Express Entry are ranked on the basis of certain criteria. People who intend to immigrate to Canada and plan to reside outside the Province of Quebec may be eligible for immigration under Express Entry, if they meet the requirements of the programs which are managed under Express Entry.
Who is eligible to apply under Express Entry:
Applicants who meet the eligibility requirements for one of the programs which are managed under Express Entry system are eligible to apply under Express Entry. The eligibility criteria for all these programs is posted on our website as a courtesy. The programs which are managed under Express Entry are:
- Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
- Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
- Certain Provincial Nominee Programs
All applicants who meet the criteria of one or more of the above listed program(s) and create their profile under Express Entry using Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)’s online web platform are placed in a pool of candidates and are assigned a score under Comprehensive Ranking System of Express Entry. IRCC periodically conducts a draw and selects the highest ranking applicants to make an application for Permanent Residence. Once an applicant receives an Invitation to Apply (ITA), they are required to submit a complete Application for Permanent Residence within 60 days and must provide all required documents to prove the information provided online at the time of their profile creation. If an applicant who has received ITA do not submit their complete Application for Permanent Residence within the required time-frame i.e. 60 days, their ITA will expire and they will be required to submit a fresh profile starting the whole process again.
Once an applicant submits their complete application for Permanent Residence within the required time and pays the required fees, their application is usually processed by IRCC within six months or less. If successful, they may land in Canada as Permanent Resident(s) along with their dependents (if any, like spouse and children) post the issuance of Permanent Residence documents and if applicable, Permanent Resident Visa.
Applicants who create their profile under Express Entry and did not receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA), will stay in the pool of Express Entry candidates for 12 months (1 year) from the date of their profile creation. If their CRS score in enough and they fall under the program (stream) for which the draw is conducted in future, they may receive an ITA later. If an ITA is not received in 12 months, their Express Entry profile will expire and they will be required to create a new Express Entry profile, if they are still interested in immigrating to Canada.
What is Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS):
The CRS is a points based system adopted by IRCC which they use to score various potential applicants under Express Entry who create their profile(s) and enter the pool of candidates.
Under Express Entry CRS, the potential applicants/ candidates are ranked based on the answers they provide in their Express Entry profile. The areas which affect a candidate’s score under Express Entry are:
- Level of Education
- Study in Canada
- Official Language Skills (English or French)
- Additional Language Skills (e.g. if you know both English and French and can provide language test results for both official languages like IELTS and TEF)
- Canadian Work Experience
- Foreign Work Experience
- Skills (Have a certificate of qualification issued by a Canadian Province or Territory)
Additional points are awarded for:
- Valid job offer in Canada which is supported by a positive or neutral LMIA
- Nomination from a Canadian Province or Territory
- Sibling(s) in Canada who are Canadian Citizens or Permanent Residents
A potential applicant may also get additional score under CRS if his/her spouse has Canadian work experience, has a Canadian education (or equivalent), and can provide language test results for one of Canada’s official languages i.e. English or French.